Monkeypox

What you should know.

Monkeypox is a viral disease not often seen in the United States.

It can cause a rash that looks like bumps, blisters or ulcers. Some people have flu-like illness before the rash develops.

Anyone can get monkeypox. The virus spreads during close, physical contact.

Most people recover in 2–4 weeks, but the disease can be serious, especially for children and people who are immune compromised or pregnant.

Are you a health care provider? Visit our Monkeypox Information for Providers page.

The United States is experiencing an outbreak.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is tracking the outbreak.

Anyone who has close contact with a person who has monkeypox is at risk. Men who have sex with men may be at higher risk because the virus is spreading in these communities.

Before the current outbreak, nearly all monkeypox cases outside Africa were linked to travel to countries where the disease commonly occurs or imported animals.

What are the symptoms?

Monkeypox can cause a rash that looks like bumps, blisters or ulcers. Before the rash, some people have flu-like symptoms, like:

  • Fever.
  • Headache.
  • Muscle aches and backache.
  • Swollen lymph nodes.
  • Chills.
  • Exhaustion.

If you have a new rash or sores or other symptoms:

  • Avoid sex or intimate contact.
  • See your healthcare provider. Remind them monkeypox may be circulating in the community.

How does it spread?

Monkeypox spreads through contact with:

  • Monkeypox rash, sores or scabs.
  • Objects, fabrics or surfaces a person with monkeypox used.
  • Respiratory droplets or oral fluids from a person with monkeypox.

Monkeypox can spread as soon as symptoms start until all sores heal and a fresh layer of skin forms. This can be several weeks.

Learn more in CDC’s monkeypox fact sheet and CDC’s safe gathering recommendations.

Treatment and vaccination.

No specific treatment for monkeypox exists. Healthcare providers may prescribe antiviral medicine for people who are at high risk of severe disease.

The monkeypox and smallpox viruses are similar. Antiviral drugs and vaccines developed to protect against smallpox may be used to treat and prevent monkeypox.

People exposed to monkeypox virus who have not had smallpox vaccine in the last 3 years should consider getting vaccine.

On June 28, 2022, Department of Health and Human Services announced a new vaccine strategy to help slow the spread of monkeypox in at-risk communities. We are working with Washington State Department of Health (DOH) to coordinate those efforts.

Questions?

Questions?
  • For urgent issues call (253) 649-1412.
  • For non-urgent issues call (253) 649-1413 and leave a message.
    • Includes reporting notifiable conditions 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
    • Leave the patient’s name, date of birth and disease.

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